Parallel Democracy Model and Its First Implementations in the Cyberspace

Revista: Teoría política
Número: 3 - 2013- Nuova serie
Fecha: 30-06-2013
Autor: Daniel Devatman Hromada
Precio: 5.00 Euros

Resumen: Parallel democracy model is a variant of traditional participative democracy approach aiming to provide a new method of convergence toward quasi-optimal solutions of diverse perennial political and social challenges. Within the framework of the model, such challenges are operationalized into variables for which the authority can associate possible value. The value which is assigned to the variable in a moment T of system’s history is called an active value. Every couple {variable, active value} represents a functional property of a given society and the genomic vector of such properties can not only describe, but also determine the functioning of a society under question. In majority of occidental societies, the authority to assign values to variables is delegated to parliament which assigns values to variables by means of aggregated voting. The government or other institutional bodies subsequently execute actions according to such activated values. In almost all modern political systems, the value->variable assignment is done in sequential (serial) order for example by voting for one law proposal after another during a parliamentary session or a referendum. Any reform of the system —an update of multiple variables— is a costly process because a change of value for almost any variable requires a new vote which, in majority of societies, involves the relocation of vote-givers to a vote giving location during a period dedicated to voting. The progress of quasi-perennial storage systems and databases in combination with communication networks make it possible to aggregate and store information about numbers of votes related to potentially infinite number of variables. Therefore a method by means of which the values are activated and assigned to variables does not necessarily need to be sequential. Given the condition that the act of voting is identic to the incrementation of the chosen value stored on the medium, it is not necessary anymore that the decision-makers shall meet at one point in time in order to give their vote to the value they want to activate. Even the condition that they must meet in one place is weakened since the vote-giving place can be purely virtual. Kyberia.sk and kyberia.cz domains are domains where first tentatives to implement such a system were implemented «in vivo» for a limited set of variables. The aggregated voting of already registered kyberia.cz users determine the number of votes which a registration application of a new user needs to obtain in order to be accepted. Kyberia.sk senators can decide what motto shall be displayed at the top of the page —the option which receive the biggest number of votes becomes the active title. Since both variables are internal constants of kyberia’s engine, no human intervention is necessary after a value becomes variable’s active value and the system automatically reconfigure its own code.

Palabras clave: Parallel democracy model. Participative democracy. Vote aggregation. Auto-configuration of social networks. Genome of political bodies.


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